Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,981,812 ha.
Provinces: 6
Cities: 2
Municipalities: 75
Barangays: 1,176
Population (2015)
Total Population: 1,722,006
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.84 percent
Climate: Type II & III
Dialect: Ilocano, Ibaloy, Kankanaey, Kalanguya, Ifugao, Kalinga, Itneg, Isneg
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 14.9 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 4.8 percent
Geographical Background

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) was established on July 15,1987 through Executive Order No. 220 issued by then President Corazon C. Aquino. It is comprised by he following provinces; Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mt.Province and the chartered city of Baguio, officially known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines. Its rugged terrain and breath-taking topography have been home to the sturdy and industrious indigenous tribes collectively called the Igorot, while its climate has bred an equally unique culture distinct from that of the country's lowland colonized regions. It is located in the north-central part of Luzon and is bounded by Ilocos Norte and Cagayan in the North, Pangasinan and Nueva Ecija in the south, Cagayan Valley in the east, and the Ilocos Region in the west. It is the country's only land-locked region. It has a mountainous topography and dubbed as the "Watershed Cradle of North Luzon" as it hosts major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for Northern Luzon.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, CAR, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 242,620 136,653
GVA 23,219 12,089
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, and Fishing

In 2016, CAR contributed 1.7 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product. The region's economy improved by 2.1 percent. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector accounted for 8.8 percent of the total output of the region. The sector registered a 4.5 percent decline in 2016.

Production and Area, CAR, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 382,848 110,640
Corn 199,355 61,045

The region's palay production in 2016 at 382,848 metric tons was 4.51 percent lower than the 2015 level. Area harvested to palay at 110,640 hectares decreased by 0.76 percent. Corn production was 199,355 metric tons, down by 16.18 percent from last year's output. Its area harvested at 61,045 hectares declined by 5.23 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, CAR, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (4.88)
Crops (5.96)
Livestock (1.41)
Poultry (2.35)
Fisheries 9.01

In 2016, the region's agricultural output declined by 4.88 percent. This was contributed by the production decreases in all subsectors except for the fisheries subsector. The crops subsector, which accounted for 77.83 percent in the total agricultural production, dropped by 5.96 percent. Fisheries output increased by 9.01 percent and it shared the least at 1.73 percent.

Top Agricultural Commodities, CAR, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (4.51) 24.06 15th
Hog (1.44) 11.70 15th
Corn (16.18) 10.79 11th
Cabbage (2.65) 5.33 1st
Chicken (1.75) 3.31 15th

Palay, corn and cabbage were the major crops produced in CAR contributing 40.18 percent to the region's agricultural output. Hog was another leading commodity which shared 11.70 percent. In terms of ranking, CAR remained as the top producer of cabbage.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 765,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 335,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 213,000 persons
	  Female = 122,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, CAR, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 290.81 204.80
Female 271.05 190.88
Both 284.02 200.01
The agriculture sector absorbed 43.8 percent of the total employment in CAR. Of those employed in agriculture, 63.58 percent were male workers and 36.42 percent were female workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, CAR, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.9
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 2.6
Rice 2.1
Corn 8.3
Meat (0.3)
Fish 5.4
Fruits 1.4
Vegetables 9.6
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, CAR, 2016
Item Palay Corn (Yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 45,603 33,125
Cost of Production per Kilogram 13.18 9.78
Net Returns 15,360 7,266
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.62 11.93
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration