Philippine Statistics Authority
Characteristics
Total Land Area: 1,981,812 ha.
Provinces: 6
Cities: 2
Municipalities: 75
Barangays: 1,176
Agricultural Land Area (2002): 177,839 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 109,150 ha.
Idle Land: 8,525 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 31,952 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 14,886 ha.
Forest Land: 5,140 ha.
Other Land: 7,856 ha.
Population (2015)
Total Population: 1,722,006
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.84 percent
Climate: Type II & III
Dialect: Ilocano, Ibaloy, Kankanaey, Kalanguya, Ifugao, Kalinga, Itneg, Isneg
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 14.9 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 4.8 percent
Geographical Background

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) was established on July 15,1987 through Executive Order No. 220 issued by then President Corazon C. Aquino. It is comprised by he following provinces; Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mt.Province and the chartered city of Baguio, officially known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines. Its rugged terrain and breath-taking topography have been home to the sturdy and industrious indigenous tribes collectively called the Igorot, while its climate has bred an equally unique culture distinct from that of the country's lowland colonized regions. It is located in the north-central part of Luzon and is bounded by Ilocos Norte and Cagayan in the North, Pangasinan and Nueva Ecija in the south, Cagayan Valley in the east, and the Ilocos Region in the west. It is the country's only land-locked region. It has a mountainous topography and dubbed as the "Watershed Cradle of North Luzon" as it hosts major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for Northern Luzon.

Economy
GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, CAR, 2015
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 234,583 133,848
GVA 23,001 12,658
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, and Fishing

In 2015, CAR contributed 1.8 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product. GRDP improved by 4.0 percent. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector accounted for 9.5 percent of the regional economy. It registered a 4.1 percent decline in 2015.

Production
Production and Area, CAR, 2015
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 400,911 111,482
Corn 237,823 64,411

The region's palay production in 2015 at 400,911 metric tons was 11.42 percent lower than the 2014 level. Area harvested to palay at 111,482 hectares decreased by 5.90 percent. Corn production was 237,823 metric tons, down by 2.76 percent from last year's output. Its area harvested at 64,411 hectares declined by 0.65 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, CAR, 2015
Sector Growth Rate 2014-2015 (percent)
Agriculture (4.37)
Crops (4.76)
Livestock (6.19)
Poultry 6.70
Fisheries (2.94)

In 2015, the region's agricultural output declined by 4.37 percent. This was contributed by the production decreases in all subsectors except for the poultry subsector. The crops subsector, which accounted for 78.71 percent in total agricultural production, dropped by 4.76 percent. Poultry output increased by 6.70 percent.

Top Agricultural Commodities, CAR, 2015
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (11.42) 23.97 14th
Hog (7.02) 11.29 15th
Corn (2.76) 12.24 9th
Cabbage (2.22) 5.21 1st
Chicken 7.80 3.21 15th

Palay, corn and cabbage were the major crops produced in CAR contributing 41.42 percent to the region's agricultural output. In terms of ranking, CAR remained as the top producer of cabbage. The region was placed 9th in corn production and 14th in palay production. Hog and chicken were other leading commodities in which CAR was ranked 15th in production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2015)
	= 759,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 365,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 229,000 persons
	  Female = 137,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, CAR, 2015
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 292.3 209.68
Female 270.93 194.36
Both 286.25 205.34
The agriculture sector absorbed 48.1 percent of the total employment in CAR. Of those employed in agriculture, 62.74 percent were male workers and 37.26 percent were female workers.
Prices
Inflation Rate by Item, CAR, 2015
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.5
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 2.3
Rice 2.2
Corn 1.5
Meat 0.5
Fish 3.4
Fruits 11.4
Vegetables 0.7
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, CAR, 2015
Item Palay Corn (Yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 48,726 33,648
Cost of Production per Kilogram 13.55 8.69
Net Returns 16,082 16,189
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 18.02 12.87
Sources
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration
  • Local Government Units