Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,983,688 ha.
Provinces: 5
Cities: 4
Municipalities: 89
Barangays: 2,311
Population (2015)
Total Population: 3,451,410
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.35 percent
Climate: Type III
Dialect: Ilokano, Ybanag, Ytawes, Irraya, Ivatan, Gaddang, Tagalog, others
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 11.70 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 1.8 percent
Geographical Background

Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, designated as Region II. It is composed of five provinces, namely: Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Quirino. It has four cities: industrial center - Cauayan City, its regional center - Tuguegarao, its investment hub - City of Ilagan and its Premier City - Santiago City.

Most of the region lies in a large valley in northeastern Luzon, between the Cordilleras and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges. Cagayan River, the country's longest river runs through its center and flows out to Luzon Strait in the north, in the town of Aparri, Cagayan. The Babuyan and Batanes island groups that lie in the Luzon Strait also belong to the region. Cagayan Valley is the second largest region of the Philippines in terms of land area.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Cagayan Valley, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 250,984 138,870
GVA 87,586 47,479
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

In 2016, the economic performance of Cagayan Valley increased by 3.3 percent. The region's economy accounted for 1.7 percent of the national GDP. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector which comprised 34.2 percent of the region's total output posted a decline of 3.0 percent.

Production and Area, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 2,332,654 556,884
Corn 1,678,813 414,449

Palay production in 2016 at 2,332,654 metric tons was 6.31 percent lower than the 2015 record. Area harvested was reduced to 556,884 hectares by 4.66 percent. The volume of corn produced in the region at 1,678,813 metric tons and area harvested at 414,449 hectares contracted by 6.79 and 2.70 percent, respectively.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (3.35)
Crops (4.93)
Livestock 4.50
Poultry 1.90
Fisheries (5.15)

The region posted a 3.35 percent decline in agricultural production in 2016. The crops subsector which shared 74.45 percent in the region's agricultural output registered a decrease of 4.93 percent. Production growths were noted in the livestock and poultry subsectors at 4.50 percent and 1.90 percent, respectively. The fisheries subsector with 4.73 percent contribution was lower by 5.15 percent in output.

Top Agricultural Commodities, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (6.31) 38.59 2nd
Corn (6.79) 21.68 1st
Hog 3.64 7.93 13th
Chicken 2.23 7.85 8th
Banana (7.74) 2.99 5th

Palay and corn were the major crops in Cagayan Valley contributing 60.27 percent to the region's agricultural output. The region remained as the top producer of corn. It ranked 2nd in palay production. For other major commodities, the region was ranked 5th in banana production and 8th in chicken production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 1,482,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 754,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 543,000 persons
	  Female =211,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 333.55 225.07
Female 329.17 222.11
Both 329.05 222.03
About 50.9 percent of the total employment in Cagayan Valley was absorbed by the agriculture sector. The males comprised 72.02 percent of the region's agricultural employment.
Inflation Rate by Item, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 3.0
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 3.5
Rice (0.3)
Corn 3.4
Meat 0.2
Fish 5.1
Fruits 4.7
Vegetables 18.0
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, CAGAYAN VALLEY, 2016
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 54,122 45,452
Cost of Production per Kilogram 12.92 11.22
Net Returns 16,217 4,059
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 16.79 12.22
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area