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Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics of the Philippines

Chapter 1. National System of Agricultural Statistics

1.1 Legal Framework and Statistical Advisory Bodies

There is no single law like a Statistical Act in the country. The basic legal framework of the agricultural statistical system in the Philippines is found in Executive Order Number 116 (EO 116) which was signed by the President of the Republic of the Philippines and issued on 30 January 1987. The EO 116 which created the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) out of the then Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAEcon) mandates the BAS to do the following:

  1. collect, compile, and release official agricultural statistics;
  2. exercise technical supervision over data collection centers; and
  3. coordinate all agricultural statistics and economic research activities of all bureaus, corporations and offices under the Department of Agriculture.

The Philippine Republic Act No. 8435, otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA) mandates the BAS to do the following:

  1. serve as central information source and server of the National Information Network of the DA; and
  2. provide technical assistance to end-users in accessing and analyzing product and market information and technology.

EO 116 serves as the legal basis for conducting various surveys and other statistical inquiries related to the agriculture sector. In the conduct of these surveys, the law requires that the statistical system gives due regard to the confidentiality of information provided by survey respondents. For this reason, statistical reports arising from the surveys provide data only in aggregate form; and in cases where household or enterprise level data are needed, they are given without information that would reveal the respondents’ identities.

On the other hand, the National Statistics Office (NSO) is the major statistical agency responsible in collecting, compiling, classifying, producing, publishing and disseminating general-purpose statistics as provided for in Commonwealth Act (CA) No. 591. It also has the responsibility of carrying out and administering the provision of the Civil Registry Law as provided for in Act No. 3753 dated February 1931. Specifically, the NSO is tasked to:

  1. prepare for and undertake all censuses on population, agriculture, commerce and industry (Section 2, CA 591; Section 1, Batas Pambansa Bilang 72);
  2. conduct statistical surveys by enumeration, sampling and other methods (Section 2, Batas Pambansa Bilang. 72);
  3. compile and classify other statistical data and information (Section 2, CA 591);
  4. conduct social and economic studies and make projections of population, agricultural production, income and the number of livestock (Section 2, CA 591);
  5. publish and disseminate all information related to the above functions (Section 2, CA 591);
  6. assist the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), formerly the Statistical Advisory Board of the National Economic and Development Authority, in the formulation of a continuing comprehensive statistical program for the government (Section 5, Presidential Decree 418);
  7. provide technical assistance and support to projects of other statistical agencies and institutions (Section 5, PD 418);
  8. carry out and administer the provisions of Act No. 3753, entitled "An Act to establish a Civil Register" (Section 2, CA 591) and other laws on civil registration; and
  9. issue authorization to solemnizing officers in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 of the Family Code of the Philippines (Executive Order No. 209 effective August 3, 1988).

The operations and delivery of products and services of the agricultural statistical system in the Philippines benefit from the review and advice of experts groups with stakes and interests on the development of the agriculture sector, in general and of the agricultural statistics, in particular. Lodged in the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), is the Inter-Agency Committee on Agriculture and Fishery Statistics (IACAFS). The IAC’s main function is to serve as a forum for the discussion and resolution of issues pertaining to the generation of agriculture and fishery statistics. Under this IAC are Technical Working Groups (TWGs) by agriculture sub-sector and/or commodity.

Other than the IACAFS, the BAS is also represented in various external clusters or groupings lodged at the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) and the Department of Agriculture (DA). The concerns of BAS are also raised and discussed in Technical Committees of the NSCB where the Director, Assistant Director and senior staff serve as members. Examples of these committees/groups are as follows:

Inter-Agency Committees
- Gender Statistics
- Environment and Natural Resources Statistics
- Labor and Productivity Statistics

Technical Committees
- Survey Designs
- Poverty Statistics
- Statistical Standards and Classifications
- Price Statistics


DA-based Groups
- Inter-Agency Committee on Rice and White Corn
- Inter-Agency Committee on Livestock, Poultry and Feed Grains
- NAFC Committees and Sub-Committees

It should also be noted that BAS is a major participant in the various stages in the conduct of Census of Agriculture (CAF).