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Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics of the Philippines

Chapter 2. Major Domains and Selected Indicators of Agricultural Statistics

2.2 Metadata for each of the Major Domains

2.2.1 Production

A.  Crops Concepts, Definitions and Classifications

Bearing Trees Per Hectare
- is the number of bearing plants/ hills/ trees per hectare.
Bearing Trees/Bearing Hills/Bearing Vines
- refer to the number of trees/hills/vines where harvesting has been made in the past but may or may not have borne fruits or productive during the reference period due to cyclical production pattern of the crop. Hills apply to banana. Vines apply to pepper and grapes.
Crop Estimates (Palay and Corn)
- refer to actual harvests in the recent quarter, prior to release of data.
Crop Forecasts (Palay and Corn)
- refer to probable harvests in the next two (2) quarters, current quarter forecasts are based on standing crop and next quarter forecasts are based on farmers' planting intention.
Crop Production
- is the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters' and threshers' shares, reserved etc. Excluded are those produced but not harvested due to low price, lack of demand and force majeure or fortuitous events, etc.
Industrial Crops
- are crops that are used as inputs to other industries.
Major Crops
- refers to the top 19 crops in the Philippines, other than palay and corn which collectively account for more than 60 percent of the total volume of crop production. These include coconut, sugarcane, banana, pineapple, coffee, mango, tobacco, abaca, peanut, mongo, cassava, sweet potato, tomato, garlic, onion, cabbage, eggplant, calamansi and rubber.
Minor Crops
- are all the remaining crops other than the major crops. This group accounts for about 40 percent of the total crop production.
Non-Food Crops
- are crops other than those used for food consumption. These are crops grown for their aesthetic values such as ornamental plants and cut-flowers. These also include agriculture-derived products such as rice hay and coconut leaves.
Permanent/Perennial Crops
- are crops which occupy the land for a long period of time and do not need to be replaced after each harvest such as fruit trees, shrubs, nuts, etc. These crops may be productive or fruit-bearing crops. Examples are: avocado, coffee, coconut and other fruit trees.
Priority Crops
- the identified national banner crops and various regional priority crops of the then Key Commercial Crops Development Program (KCCDP), now High Value Crops Development Program (HVCDP) and crops under the Key Commodity Road Maps of the Department of Agriculture, which are being developed because of their industrial and commercial potentials.
Root Crops
- are crops with well-developed underground edible roots. They are classified into roots and tubers. Roots, which are more starchy and rich in carbohydrates, include gabi, ubi and white potato. Tubers include beets, radish, carrots and turnips.
Temporary Crops
- are crops which are grown seasonally and with growing cycle of less than one year and which must be sown and planted again for production after each harvest. (Some crops thrive beyond one year.)
Vegetable Crops
- are mostly temporary crops which are either classified agronomically as such or based on purpose for which they are used, like jackfruit which on its young stage, is classified as vegetable.
White Corn
- is corn grown and used mainly for human consumption, and manufacture of corn by-products such as cornstarch, corn oil, syrup, dextrins, glucose, gluten, etc.
Yellow Corn
- is corn used mainly as feed grains; includes all types of corn other than white.
- is an indicator of productivity derived by dividing total production by the area harvested.
Yield per Bearing Tree
- is an indicator of productivity for permanent crops derived by dividing total production by the total numbers of bearing trees. The unit used is kilogram per bearing tree.


The BAS data systems for production are compliant with the existing statistical standards and classifications used in the Philippine Statistical System (PSS).