Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,296,462 ha.
Provinces: 4
Cities: 9
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 3,265
Population (2015)
Total Population: 5,026,128
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.18 percent
Climate: Type I
Dialect: Ilocano, Pangasinense, Tagalog, and Bolinao
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 9.6 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 2.2 percent
Geographical Background

Ilocos Region (Region I) came into existence on September 24, 1972 when provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No.1 of the Integrated Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

Region I is located in the northwest of Luzon. In its eastern borders are regions of Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and in the south is Central Luzon. To the west north is the West Philippine Sea.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Ilocos Region, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 450,667 257,208
GVA 90,221 51,581
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, and Fishing

Ilocos Region's economy,which grew by 8.4 percent in 2016, shared 3.2 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector comprised 20.1 percent of the region's total output. It recorded a decrease of 1.8 percent in 2016.

Production and Area, Ilocos Region, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,805,126 412,635
Corn 508,024 89,769

In 2016, palay production was recorded at 1,805,126 metric tons or up by 1.58 percent from the previous year's level. Area harvested decreased by 0.07 percent to 412,635 hectares. Corn production at 508,024 metric tons expanded by 3.48 percent while area harvested at 89,769 hectares increased by 2.47 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Ilocos Region, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (2.03)
Crops (2.37)
Livestock 1.98
Poultry (4.34)
Fisheries (2.38)

The region's agricultural production declined by 2.03 percent in 2016. Except for the livestock subsector, all the other subsectors recorded output reduction. The crops subsector with 59.0 percent contribution to the region's agricultural production was down by 2.37 percent. An increase of 1.98 percent was registered in the livestock subsector. It shared 12.78 percent in output.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Ilocos Region, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 1.58 28.42 4th
Milkfish 3.55 13.63 1st
Hog 4.62 8.27 9th
Chicken (4.91) 7.85 5th
Mango (19.33) 7.38 1st

Palay and milkfish were the leading commodities in Ilocos Region with respective shares of 28.42 percent and 13.63 percent of the region's agricultural output. The region ranked 4th in palay production and 1st in milkfish production. It was also the number one producer of mango with 7.38 percent contribution.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 1,988,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 596,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 452,000 persons
	  Female = 144,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Ilocos Region, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 331.26 242.33
Female 319.01 233.37
Both 329.16 240.79
About 30.0 percent of the total employed persons in Cagayan Valley were absorbed by the agriculture sector. The males comprised 75.84 percent of the region's agricultural employment.
Inflation Rate by Item, Ilocos Region, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.8
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 2.4
Rice (1.9)
Corn 5.7
Meat 0.0
Fish 6.6
Fruit 5.8
Vegetables 12.4
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Ilocos Region, 2016
Item Palay Corn (Yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 58,319 48,642
Cost of Production per Kilogram 13.33 8.04
Net Returns 20,154 29,278
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.94 12.88
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area