Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,278,608 ha.
Provinces: 4
Cities: 5
Municipalities: 45
Barangays: 1,195
Population (2015)
Total Population: 4,545,276
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 2.28 percent
Climate: Type IV
Dialect: Cebuano, Hiligaynon, T'boli, Bilaan, Cotabato Manobo, Tagabanwa, Ilonggo
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 30.5 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 15.5 percent
Geographical Background

SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII) is located in Central Mindanao. It is surrounded by the abundant bays of Sarangani, Illana and Paguil, as well as the Moro Gulf and Celebes Sea. SOCCSKSARGEN is an an acronym that stands for the region's four (4) provinces and one (1) city: South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.

The region is endowed with rich natural resources and it serves as the main source of hydroelectric power for Mindanao. It is famous for tuna production. General Santos City is known as the tuna capital of the Philippines.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 386,793 213,302
GVA 101,215 48,772
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

The economy of SOCCKSARGEN posted a 5.0 percent growth in 2016. The region shared 2.6 percent in the country's Gross Domestic Product. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector had 9.5 percent decline in output. It comprised 22.9 percent of the region's total output.

Production and Area, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,200,642 315,690
Corn 1,144,010 383,266

In 2016, palay production at 1,200,642 metric tons was 7.05 percent lower than the 2015 record. Area harvested at 315,690 hectares decreased by 7.13 percent. Corn production at 1,144,010 metric tons and area harvested at 383,266 hectares were down by 7.69 percent and 7.96 percent, respectively.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (9.55)
Crops (9.62)
Livestock 0.03
Poultry 9.81
Fisheries (20.72)

The region recorded a 9.55 percent drop in agricultural output in 2016. The decline was attributed to the production decreases in crop subsector at 9.62 percent and fisheries subsector at 20.72 percent. The crops subsector comprised the biggest share in the region's agricultural output at 65.49 percent. On the other hand, output increases were noted in livestock and poultry subsectors at 0.03 percent and 9.81 percent, respectively.

Top Agricultural Commodities, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (7.05) 19.28 6th
Corn (7.69) 14.35 3rd
Hog 0.57 9.15 8th
Banana (11.62) 8.08 3rd
Pineapple (3.48) 6.67 2nd

Palay and corn were the leading crops in SOCCSKSARGEN contributing 19.28 percent and 14.35 percent, respectively, to the agricultural output of the region. Banana and pineapple were the other major crops with respective shares of 8.08 percent and 6.67 percent in 2016. The region was ranked second in pineapple and third in corn and banana production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 1,854,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 775,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 586,000 persons
	  Female = 188,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 246.78 159.21
Female 240.15 154.94
Both 243.64 157.19
About 41.8 percent of the region's total employment worked in the agricultural sector. Agricultural employment was dominated by male workers at 76 percent.
Inflation Rate by Item, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 2.9
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages 3.5
Rice 2.5
Corn (1.2)
Meat 1.0
Fish 1.3
Fruits 10.1
Vegetables 16.3
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, SOCCSKSARGEN, 2016
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 44,685 21,462
Cost of Production per Kilogram 11.75 7.19
Net Returns 27,369 14,098
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 18.95 11.91
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
    - Geographical Background