Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,190,619 ha
Provinces: 7
Cities: 14
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 3,102
Population (2015)
Total Population: 11,218,177
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 2.07 percent
Climate: Type I, II, III
Dialect: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Sambal, Casiguranin, Ilocano
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 8.9 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 2.3 percent
Geographical Background

Central Luzon occupies the central portion of the island of Luzon and is strategically located between Northern Luzon and National Capital Region. It is landlocked by Pangasinan and Nueva Vizcaya on the north; Metro Manila, Cavite and Rizal on the south; Aurora and Dingalan Bay on the east and Palauig Bay and Subic Bay on the west. It is bestowed with a combination of towering mountains, extinct and active volcanoes, lush verdant farmlands and natural sea harbors.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Central Luzon, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 1,304,479 773,276
GVA 189,648 116,053
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

Central Luzon had 9.5 percent contribution to the country's GDP in 2016. In this year, the regional economy improved by 9.5 percent. About 15.0 percent share came from Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector. It grew by 0.6 percent in 2016.

Production and Area, Central Luzon, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 3,342,883 704,185
Corn 259,546 47,382

In 2016, palay production in Central Luzon increased to 3,342,883 metric tons by 1.17 percent. Area harvested at 704,185 hectares went up by 0.65 percent. Corn recorded reduction in production by 4.34 percent while area harvested inched up by 0.03 percent. These corresponded to 259,546 metric tons and 47,382 hectares in 2016.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Central Luzon, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016(percent)
Agriculture 0.33
Crops (2.15)
Livestock 8.63
Poultry (2.42)
Fisheries (0.49)

Agricultural output in Central Luzon grew by 0.33 percent in 2016. Production gain of 8.63 percent was registered in the livestock subsector which shared 23.19 percent in the region's agricultural output. The crops and poultry subsectors which shared the biggest at more than 30.0 percent each indicated production declines at 2.15 percent and 2.42 percent, respectively.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Central Luzon, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Chicken (3.04) 26.53 1st
Palay 1.17 23.05 1st
Hog 9.44 21.13 1st
Tiger Prawn 1.09 5.34 1st
Tilapia 0.22 4.55 1st

Central Luzon remained as the top producer of palay, chicken, hog, tiger prawn and tilapia. These five major commodities shared 80.60 percent in the region's total agricultural output. Chicken, the leading commodity, shared 26.53 percent. This was followed by palay with 23.05 percent contribution.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 4,383,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 659,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 556,000 persons
	  Female = 102,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Central Luzon, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 381.17 262.51
Female 352.52 242.78
Both 376.50 259.30
The agriculture sector absorbed 15.0 percent of the region's total employment in 2016. About 84.50 percent of the agricultural workers were males.
Inflation Rate by Item, Central Luzon, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 2.2
Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverage 3.0
Rice (0.2)
Corn 5.1
Meat 2.9
Fish 6.9
Fruit 4.8
Vegetables 13.9
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Central Luzon, 2016
Item Palay Corn (yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 53,546 49,462
Cost of Production per Kilogram 11.28 7.83
Net Returns 29,850 16,886
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.57 10.5
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area