Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,811,447 ha.
Provinces: 6
Cities: 7
Municipalities: 107
Barangays: 3,471
Population (2015)
Total Population: 5,796,989
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.40 percent
Climate: Type II and IV
Dialect: Bikolano, Albayano, Rinconado, Sorsoganon, Pandan Bikol, Tagalog
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 27.5 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 8.2 percent
Geographical Background

The Bicol Region, also known as Bicolandia, is composed of four (3) provinces of the Bicol Peninsula (Albay, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur), one (1) Southern end of Luzon Island (Sorsogon) and two (2) island provinces adjacent to the Peninsula (Catanduanes and Masbate). The regional center is Legazpi City in Albay province.

The Region is bounded by Lamon Bay to the North, Pacific to the East and Sibuyan Sea and Ragay Gulf to the West. The Northernmost province, Camarines Norte is bordered to the north Province of Quezon, thereby connecting the region to the rest of Luzon.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Bicol Region, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 307,279 164,372
GVA 67,665 32,933
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

In 2016, Bicol Region's economy improved by 5.7 percent. The region shared 2.0 percent in the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector comprised 20.0 percent of the region's economy and it recorded a 0.2 percent reduction in output.

Production and Area, Bicol Region, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,275,492 354,089
Corn 259,375 107,544

In 2016, palay production was recorded at 1,275,492 metric tons, up by 0.87 percent from the 2015 level. Area harvested at 354,089 hectares expanded by 3.44 percent. Corn production rose to 259,375 metric tons by 6.34 percent. Area harvested at 107,544 hectares was 4.39 percent higher than last year's record.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Bicol Region, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (0.41)
Crops 1.31
Livestock (0.92)
Poultry 3.29
Fisheries (4.66)

In 2016, the region's agricultural output dropped by 0.41 percent. This was attributed to the production shortfalls from the livestock subsector at 0.92 percent and fisheries subsector at 4.66 percent. These subsectors had production share of more than 20.0 percent each. About 47.28 contribution was recorded for the crops subsector which inched up by 1.31 percent in output.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Bicol Region, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 0.87 26.43 5th
Hog (1.67) 16.32 7th
Chicken 5.49 7.10 10th
Corn 6.34 4.77 8th
Coconut (2.23) 4.53 6th

Palay was the leading crop with share of 26.43 percent, placing the region in the fifth rank. Hog was next major commodity with production share of 16.32 percent. The region was ranked seventh in the national production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	=2,331,000  persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 841,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 651,000 persons
	  Female = 190,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Bicol Region, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 269.86 183.33
Female 230.22 156.40
Both 267.79 181.92
Note: Wage rate for female in Bicol Region was the average wage rate of female workers in Palay and Corn only.
About 36.10 percent of the region's total employed persons were in the agriculture sector. Of those employed in agriculture, 77.41 percent were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Bicol Region, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.1
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages (0.1)
Rice (4.6)
Corn 1.0
Meat 1.2
Fish (1.8)
Fruits 2.7
Vegetables 8.8
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Bicol Region, 2016
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 36,236 13,604
Cost of Production per Kilogram 10.06 5.64
Net Returns 19,768 15,943
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 15.55 12.25
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration