Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,077,829 ha.
Provinces: 5
Cities: 16
Municipalities: 117
Barangays: 4,051
Population (2015)
Total Population: 4,477,247
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.36 percent
Climate: Type I
Dialect: Ilonggo, Karay-a and Akeanon
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 16.6 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 4.8 percent
Geographical Background

Western Visayas is located in Central Philippines and lies between two (2) large bodies of water, namely; the Sibuyan Sea and the Visayan Sea. The Region is composed of six (6) provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo and Negros Occidental. The Region has a total land area of 20,223.2 sq km, or approximately 6.74 percent of the total land area of the Philippines.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Western Visayas, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 597,275 324,071
GVA 123,014 59,857
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

In 2016, the economy of Western Visayas posted a 6.1 percent growth. It contributed 4.00 percent to the country's GDP. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector decreased by 1.9 percent in output. The sector accounted for 18.5 percent of the total output of the region.

Production and Area, Western Visayas, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,896,230 572,755
Corn 283,671 107,255

In 2016, palay production at 1,896,230 metric tons was 7.81 percent lower than the 2015 level. Area at 572,755 hectares decreased by 7.96 percent. Corn production at 283,671 metric tons and area at 107,255 hectares contracted by 19.04 and 10.74 percent, respectively.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Western Visayas, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture (2.07)
Crops (5.00)
Livestock 5.26
Poultry 4.25
Fisheries (2.73)

The region's agricultural production declined by 2.07 percent in 2016. The crops subsector which comprised 53.70 percent of the region's agricultural production was down by 5.0 percent. Outputs from the fisheries subsector dropped by 2.73 percent. It shared 19.22 percent. Production increases were 5.26 and 4.25 percent in the livestock and poultry subsectors, respectively.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Western Visayas, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (7.81) 23.85 3rd
Sugarcane (0.49) 15.65 1st
Hog 5.85 12.77 6th
Chicken 6.59 8.00 7th
Milkfish (0.25) 5.69 2nd
Mango (3.68) 2.80 9th

Palay production contributed 23.85 percent in the region's agricultural output. The region was ranked 3rd among all regions. Sugarcane shared 15.65 percent and the region was the top producer. For other major commodities, the region was ranked second in milkfish production and sixth in hog production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 3,208,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 1,103,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 803,000  persons
	  Female = 299,000  persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Western Visayas, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 246.06 161.03
Female 244.00 159.69
Both 245.14 160.43
Employed persons in agriculture comprised about 34.4 percent of the region's total employment. The males accounted for 72.8 percent of the agricultural workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Western Visayas, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 2.2
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 2.6
Rice (0.1)
Corn 9.9
Meat (0.6)
Fish 5.5
Fruits 6.7
Vegetables 11.4
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Western Visayas, 2016
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 36,885 24,334
Cost of Production per Kilogram 11.14 9.20
Net Returns 18,202 9,490
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 16.64 12.79
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area