Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,690,403 ha.
Provinces: 6
Cities: 7
Municipalities: 136
Barangays: 4,390
Population (2015)
Total Population: 4,440,150
Growth Rate (2000-2015): 1.36 percent
Climate: Type II
Dialect: Waray-waray, Cebuano, Boholano, and Abaknon
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2015: 30.70 percent
Subsistence incidence among families (%) 2015: 12 percent
Geographical Background

Eastern Visayas is one of the three regions situated in the middle of the Philippines and serves to link the islands of Luzon and Mindanao through the National Maharlika Highway that runs through it. It is bounded by the Surigao Channel and the island of Mindanao on the south; by the San Bernardino Strait and the tip of the Bicol Peninsula on the north; the Maqueda Bay, Camotes and Visayan Seas, and the islands of Cebu and Bohol on the west; and the Leyte Gulf, the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean on the east.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 312,493 172,149
GVA 54,754 25,983
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

In 2016, Eastern Visayas' economy improved by 12.4 percent. It contributed 2.1 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product. About 15.1 percent of the region's total output comprised the Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector and it grew by 2.4 percent in 2016.

Production and Area, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 954,844 268,110
Corn 81,603 57,087

In 2016, palay production at 954,844 metric tons and area harvested at 268,110 hectares declined by 0.09 percent and 0.08 percent, respectively. Corn production at 81,603 metric tons in 2016 was reduced by 10.47 percent while area harvested at 57,087 hectares decreased by 7.04 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Sector Growth Rate 2015-2016 (percent)
Agriculture 1.1
Crops (2.28)
Livestock (0.38)
Poultry 24.30
Fisheries 4.48

Eastern Visayas recorded a 1.10 percent increase in agricultural output. The crops subsector shared 54.45 percent in the region's agricultural production and it registered a decrease of 2.28 percent. Production increases were noted in the poultry subsector at 24.30 percent and fisheries subsector at 4.48 percent.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay (0.09) 26.70 8th
Coconut (7.99) 14.76 7th
Hog (0.15) 14.64 12th
Chicken 28.03 7.28 11th
Banana (0.27) 2.95 9th

Palay and coconut were the leading crops in Eastern Visayas with combined share of 41.46 percent to the region's agricultural production. The region was ranked 8th in palay production and 7th in coconut production. Another major crop was banana placing the region in the 9th rank.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2016)
	= 1,790,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 690,000

   By Sex:
	  Male = 548,000 persons
	  Female = 142,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 244.61 158.94
Female 241.70 157.05
Both 244.18 158.66
In Eastern Visayas, the total number of employed person in agriculture was 690,000 in 2016. This accounted for 38.6 percent of the region's total employment. Of those employed in agriculture, 79 percent were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.3
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 1.1
Rice (0.6)
Corn 4.1
Meat 1.1
Fish 1.6
Fruits 6.5
Vegetables 4.4
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Eastern Visayas, 2016
Item Palay Corn (White)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 38,566 10,935
Cost of Production per Kilogram 10.83 7.93
Net Returns 23,959 5,985
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.56 12.27
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area